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Tuesday, 13 September 2011

What is Dengue Fever

Dengue is transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti It is a cosmopolitan insect, found mainly in places of high human concentration. It lives inside the houses (under tables, chairs, cabinets etc) Feeding on plant sap. Only the female transmits disease when it bites a man in search of blood to mature the eggs. She attacks during the day, especially at dawn and late afternoon, preferably in the legs.

Dengue Fever:

The suspected dengue fever cases of acute illness lasting up to 7 days and are present together with at least two of the following symptoms: headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle aches, joint pains, prostration and redness in the body .

Generally, the symptoms of dengue start an hour and lasts for another 5 to 7 days. A high fever is one of the first symptoms of dengue. The infected person has a high fever (39 ° to 40 ° C), headache, tiredness, muscle pain and joint pain, malaise, nausea, vomiting, red skin rashes, abdominal pain (especially in children), among other symptoms.

Dengue Hemorrhagic:

Dengue Hemorrhagic is quite similar to dengue fever with only difference of bleeding from mouth, nose and even urine. Initially the symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever resembles dengue fever, but after the third or fourth day of the disease, hemorrhaging because of bleeding in the small vessels and internal organs.

The Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever can cause nosebleeds, bleeding from gums and  blood in urine. In Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, the patient's blood pressure drops, which can lead to dizziness, falls, and shock. If the disease is not treated quickly, can lead to death.

The bleeding may result in the loss of red blood cells and disturb the balance of red blood cells and platelets in the blood. If the patient is not treated properly may lead to severe outcomes. There are reports of various complications such as neurological, cardio-respiratory problems, liver failure, gastrointestinal bleeding and 

Dengue Hemorrhagic Symptoms:

1. Abdominal pain 
2. Agitation or lethargy
3. Persistent vomiting
4. Rapid or weak pulse
5. Lever enlargement
6. Severe shivering
7. Bleeding gums
8. Red spots on skin
9. Spontaneous bleeding
10. Syncope
11. Hypertension
12. Profuse sweating
13. Postural hypotension
14. Decrease in number of platelets
15. Decreased urine output
16. Improves sudden fever until 5 days
17. Unusual heartbeat.


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